Skin cancers are one of the top 10 most common cancers in Singapore (Singapore Cancer Registry 2004-2008). It can be caused by many factors including excessive sunlight exposure and a decrease in a person’s immune system. In recent times, there has been a rising trend in the incidence of skin cancers, likely from an increase in sun-seeking behaviour or activities, coupled with increasing life expectancies in our population. Often times, potential skin cancers may present early in its precancerous or in-situ form. An example of this is Actinic Keratosis.
Some common types of skin cancers include:
Treatment For Skin Cancers
All skin cancers should be removed soonest. Precancerous lesions such as Actinic Keratosis can be treated with liquid nitrogen or creams. The confirmatory diagnostic test for skin cancers is a biopsy.
For established skin cancers, complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice. Clearance Margins on Histology with surgery ensures very high cure rates for most skin cancers.
Occasionally, non-surgical treatment options with special creams, cryotherapy or curettage may be considered. In cases of malignant melanoma, special blood tests, scans or other tests may be required for staging & treatment of the condition.